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Amnesty International and Genital Mutilation: A Brief History

 

Amnesty International has recognized female genital mutilation as a human rights violation since 1995. Intactivists have lobbied AI to adopt a gender neutral policy on genital mutilation since 1992, but these efforts have not yet succeeded.

 

 

   
Mar. 13, 2007 AI blocks display of MGMbill.org's genital integrity exhibit at the 2007 Annual General Meeting in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
   
Nov. 3, 2006 Working Party at the AIUSA Southern Regional Conference in New Orleans, Louisiana, votes down an MGM study resolution by a vote of 29-1 with 6 abstentions.
   
Oct. 14 - 15, 2006 MGMbill.org displays a male genital mutilation exhibit at the AIUSA Western Regional Conference in Tucson, Arizona. At the same conference, an AI Working Party votes down an MGM study resolution by a vote of 8-3 with 1 abstention.
   
Apr. 28 - 30, 2006 MGMbill.org displays a male genital mutilation exhibit at the 2006 AIUSA Annual General Meeting in Portland, Oregon.
   
Nov. 12, 2005 AI Working Party votes down a Male Genital Mutilation resolution at the Western USA Regional Conference in San Francisco, California, by a vote of 27-13 with 7 abstentions. The same AI Working Party also votes down an MGM Bill Endorsement resolution by a vote of 22-11 with 8 abstentions.
   
Jan, 2003 Doctors Opposing Circumcision presents AI with information pertaining to male circumcision and human rights.
   
Aug, 1999 AI Bermuda Section distributes Male Genital Mutilation: A human rights information pack and plays Intact's male circumcision video at the AI International Executive Committee Meeting in Portugal. The committee declines to take a position against MGM.
   
Mar, 1998 Information on male and female genital mutilation is displayed at the AI Western Regional Conference in San Francisco, California.
   
Dec, 1997 AI votes down a motion condemning genital mutilation of children at the International Council Meeting in Cape Town, South Africa.
   
Sep, 1997 AI publishes Female Genital Mutilation - A human rights information pack. The bibliography references works that detail how FGM and MGM both violate human rights.
   
May, 1997 AI holds FGM seminar in Dodoma, Tanzania, entitled Human rights are women’s rights: Eradicate female genital mutilation, where it is agreed that legislation needs to be implemented to help eradicate FGM.
   
1996 AI forms FGM working group at a conference in Bolgatanga, Ghana, entitled Working together for change — stop female genital mutilation. The event draws widespread media coverage. A Male Genital Mutilation resolution presented at the Northeast USA Regional Conference is voted down.
   
1995 AI includes FGM in its promotional work on human rights prior to the Fourth UN Conference on Women in Beijing. Debate on a Male Genital Mutilation resolution at the Northeast USA Regional Conference is prevented by the Resolutions Committee.
   
1994 AI declines to debate a Female Genital Mutilation resolution at the Northeast USA Regional Conference.
   
1993 AI votes down Genital Mutilations of Children and Unconsenting Adults resolution at the Northeast USA Regional Conference.
   
1992 AI votes down Genital Mutilations of Children resolution at the Western USA Regional Conference. A similar resolution - Genital Mutilations of Children and Unconsenting Adults - is voted down at the Northeast USA Regional Conference.
   
1981 AI holds its first formal discussion on female genital mutilation (FGM) at the International Council Meeting in Montreal, Canada.
   

 

 

 

       

 

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A Bill to End Male Genital Mutilation in the U.S.