A Bill to End
Male Genital Mutilation
in the U.S.
|Mar. 13, 2007
|AI blocks display of MGMbill.org's genital integrity exhibit at the 2007 Annual General Meeting in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
|Nov. 3, 2006
|Working Party at the AIUSA Southern Regional Conference in New Orleans, Louisiana, votes down an MGM study resolution by a vote of 29-1 with 6 abstentions.
|Oct. 14 - 15, 2006
|MGMbill.org displays a male genital mutilation exhibit at the AIUSA Western Regional Conference in Tucson, Arizona. At the same conference, an AI Working Party votes down an MGM study resolution by a vote of 8-3 with 1 abstention.
|Apr. 28 - 30, 2006
|MGMbill.org displays a male genital mutilation exhibit at the 2006 AIUSA Annual General Meeting in Portland, Oregon.
|Nov. 12, 2005
|AI Working Party votes down a Male Genital Mutilation resolution at the Western USA Regional Conference in San Francisco, California, by a vote of 27-13 with 7 abstentions. The same AI Working Party also votes down an MGM Bill Endorsement resolution by a vote of 22-11 with 8 abstentions.
|Doctors Opposing Circumcision presents AI with information pertaining to male circumcision and human rights.
|AI Bermuda Section distributes Male Genital Mutilation: A human rights information pack and plays Intact's male circumcision video at the AI International Executive Committee Meeting in Portugal. The committee declines to take a position against MGM.
|Aug 7, 1998
|LeYoni Junos, AI Bermuda Section, discusses her struggle to bring male circumcision to the human rights table at AI in a speech at the Fifth International Symposium on Sexual Mutilations, Oxford University, England. Discusses her 1998 report "Bodily Integrity for Both: The Obligation of Amnesty International to Recognize All Forms of Genital Mutilation of Males as Human Rights Violations."
|Poster presentation on male and female genital mutilation at the Western Regional Meeting of Amnesty International, San Francisco.
|AI votes down a proposal, submitted as a report by AI Bermuda Section, to condemn genital mutilation of all children, regardless of gender, at the International Council Meeting in Cape Town, South Africa. Report includes letter from London Black Women's Health Action Project supporting an end to MGM.
|AI publishes Female Genital Mutilation - A human rights information pack. The bibliography references works that detail how FGM and MGM both violate human rights.
|AI holds FGM seminar in Dodoma, Tanzania, entitled Human rights are women’s rights: Eradicate female genital mutilation, where it is agreed that legislation needs to be implemented to help eradicate FGM.
|AI forms FGM working group at a conference in Bolgatanga, Ghana, entitled Working together for change — stop female genital mutilation. The event draws widespread media coverage. A Male Genital Mutilation resolution presented at the Northeast USA Regional Conference is voted down.
|AI includes FGM in its promotional work on human rights prior to the Fourth UN Conference on Women in Beijing. Debate on aMale Genital Mutilation resolution at the Northeast USA Regional Conference is prevented by the Resolutions Committee.
|AI declines to debate a Female Genital Mutilation resolution at the Northeast USA Regional Conference.
|AI votes down Genital Mutilations of Children and Unconsenting Adults resolution at the Northeast USA Regional Conference.
|AI votes down Genital Mutilations of Children resolution at the Western USA Regional Conference. A similar resolution - Genital Mutilations of Children and Unconsenting Adults - is voted down at the Northeast USA Regional Conference.
|AI holds its first formal discussion on female genital mutilation (FGM) at the International Council Meeting in Montreal, Canada.
Amnesty International has recognized female genital mutilation as a human rights violation since 1995. Intactivists have lobbied AI to adopt a gender neutral policy on genital mutilation since 1992, but these efforts have not yet succeeded.
Amnesty International and Genital Mutilation:
A Brief History